Title IX includes a variety of requirements and guarantees. It applies to any school receiving federal funding.
- Prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, gender identity, gender expression, and pregnancy status
- Includes prohibition of sexual harassment as well as sexual violence including rape, sexual assault, and sexual coercion
- Applies to people of any gender identity
- Applies regardless of whether or not a criminal report is filed
- Covers reported incidents of sexual harassment, discrimination, or violence as well as s ituations or environmental factors about which the school should “reasonably know”
Under Title IX, schools receiving any federal funding must:
- Promptly investigate and resolve the situation when it knows or reasonably should know about possible sexual harassment or sexual violence
- Take proactive steps to address individual and systems factors contributing to sexual harassment and violence.
- Maintain clear written policies against sexual harassment and violence, as well as clear grievance procedures
- Have a designated point person to receive and investigate Title IX complaints
- Treat all parties involved in a sexual harassment or violence complaint fairly, and provide them with ongoing access to a transparent resolution process.
- Provide access to an internal/institutional investigation and resources regardless of whether outside legal or police involvement is pursued.